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Home Photography Lessons Intermediate Choosing the Best Aperture

Choosing the Best Aperture

Choosing the f-stop or aperture is a main determining factor about what is in focus when you photograph an image. The length of the camera lens and the distance you are from the subject also are factors.

How to Choose the Best Aperture

In general, when you are photographing one or two people for a portrait, you want to use an aperture setting of f-4 or f-5.6. This will give you enough depth to make sure the heads are in focus and the foreground (the area in front of your subjects) and the background (the area behind your subjects) is a bit out of focus so it doesn’t distract the eye from the faces of your subject.

Choosing Aperture f8.

When you are photographing a group of more than two people, you want to use a deeper depth of field, so I would use a smaller aperture setting of f-8 to f-11 for a group that has two rows, and increase the f-number as the depth of the group increases.

Remember, the higher the F-number, the smaller the opening and the more depth of focus.


Choosing landscape aperture f22.

When you are photographing a landscape, you may want to use an aperture of f-22 or above so that the whole scene is in focus.

When you photograph a flower, you might want to use f-4 or below so that the flower is the only thing in focus. With f2.8, you will have to carefully weigh your subject and what you want in focus because your depth of field is only inches wide. What isn’t in that area (in front and in back) will be out of focus and sometimes it is part of your subject.

Video: The Basics of Aperture

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3 COMMENTS

  1. This is great advice as I have had my DSLR for sometime now and really want to get into using the correct settings rather than just having it on auto all the time. I will definitely use your tips – great website thank you!

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Help us grow

Did you learn anything? Maybe consider giving a small donation 🙂

We’ll get straight to the point. To keep quality high, we work together with the best photographers in the world. As a company, we are spending a lot of money to give our writers a fair compensation. 

To stay online and become better in what we do, we depend on contributions and some products we sell. If everyone who enjoyed reading the above article gave just a little, we could keep Photographycourse.net thriving for years to come. The price of a cup of coffee is all we ask.

We know that most people will ignore this message. But if photographycourse.net is useful to you, please consider donating $2, $5, $10 or whatever you can to protect and sustain Photographycourse.net. 

Thanks,

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CEO Photographycourse.net

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